Wednesday, March 26, 2014

The Adventureland Veranda & the Jack Wagner Exotica Records

From 1971 to 1994, the Adventureland Veranda sat at the entrance to Magic Kingdom's Adventureland and welcomed travelers with airy open porches, dark burnished wood interiors, lazily turning fans, and a healthy serving of mellow exotica music.  For nearly a quarter century this mysterious mood and mellow tone rolled out across the entrance to Adventureland, creating a very different mood than what welcomes you to the area today. And the music was essential in setting the scene.

Now, after several years of chasing down Jack Wagner's music selections, I believe I've come to know that there were two Jack Wagners: the innovative, dedicated Jack and the Jack who was more willing to slap together any old appropriate music. Certain styles of music seem to have ennervated him more than others, and it seems to me that he truly found his raison d'être when compiling music for Adventureland. No mere aural wallpaper, many of these loops are carefully considered masterpieces.

One myth that seems to dog Wagner is that he put together his musical loops from records he had sitting around his house, and although he was a former DJ and so almost certainly had more than a healthy amount of music, this idea is absurd. Looking at the track listings for things like Holiday in Switzerland it's easy to imagine Jack plodding back off to the record shop in hopes of finding just one more LP of Swiss Music, because Music of the German Alps was a bust.

But I completely believe the story when it comes to the Adventureland tracks. Jack seems to have loved exotica music, and once you start identifying and decoding the tracks, you start seeing the same music popping up again and again. And guess what? He had terrific taste for the stuff. Eventually, you can assemble the "Wagner Exoticas" into an impressive collection of your own.

Just a few from the collection
So the Adventureland Veranda tracks hold a special significance for me. But first we have to ask: where did the music play, and what did this mean? Let's establish some sort of understanding of the layout of the Adventureland Veranda as it existed at the time. Let's look at this 1977 Magic Kingdom blueprint:

(Bet you didn't know that odd circular sun room across from the Swiss Family Treehouse was named the South Seas Terrace, did you? Well, neither did I.)

The main interior section of the restaurant where the service counter, cashier, condiments and some tables were located was a large semi-circular room denoted here by the yellow section. The bulk of this room survives intact and may be seen by eating at the Skipper Canteen restaurant that fills this space. The below photo shows this interior "donut" with the brightly-illuminated service area behind it.

The red sections on the diagram are the actual Verandas for which the restaurant is named. Two of the three original verandas have been demolished and rebuilt as somewhat similar looking structures, the furthest flung one having bit the dust to house the restrooms for the Skipper Canteen, and the middle one to accommodate the Club 33 expansion in 2017. Here's what the verandas looked like originally, when they were shaded porch seating:

The final blue section on our diagram which rambled out towards the breezeway is the only part of the original Veranda to not survive until the present day; it was absorbed by an expansion of the public bathrooms in 2009. This was the furthest-flung seating and the tables and chairs were still there until 2009.

Music in the Wind - The First Loops

For several years now, an hour long loop of music identified as "Adventureland Veranda 1973" has been circulating in a new digital dub of an old tape circulated amongst collectors. I'm not only pretty certain this is authentic, I also believe that it is the original 1971 music. It also, to me, represents Jack Wagner's unique genius for background music.

It's worth remembering that Wagner was working on the original slate of 1971 Magic Kingdom loops blind - there was no park to go to to observe in situ, and his probable one trip to WED up in Glendale was full of art that may or may not have been translated into reality. It's worth remembering that WED themselves often described the Veranda's exact theme in uncertain terms. The Preview Edition Guide describes the Veranda as an "old Caribbean village setting", while a blurb in the Orlando Sentinel describes it as "south seas food in a Tahitian setting". I have an entire blog post devoted to the reason why the restaurant is designed the way it is, but the short version is that it represents a South Pacific French Colonial plantation house.

How inspired and appropriate, then, that Wagner's music is heavily Asian-tinged - sometimes lush, sometimes authentic world music recordings, but always intoxicating, with the music bleeding in and out of chimes from a bamboo wind catcher - much likes ones that hung inside the restaurant's upper level balconies. I'm fairly certain that this ideas inspired by the soundscape of easy listening records by the Mystic Moods orchestra like One Stormy Night, which faded romantic music in and out of a thunderstorm. The effect is uniquely calming, and totally unexpected. Give these a listen and take the express to elysium:

Thanks to Ryan Komitor, a devoted Passport to Dreams reader, we now have the full track list for this loop. It's a remarkable piece of research:

Adventureland Veranda Interior Music ca. 1971 (?) 
01. Cherry Blossom [1]
02. Paradise Found [2]
03. Arirang [3]
04. Boating On The Lake [3]
05. Stars Over Maui [4]
06. Farmers Folk Dance [3]
07. Green Skirt [Edited] [5]
08. Tsuki No Sabaku (Desert In The Moonlight) [6]
09. Toragee [3]
10. Kojo No Tsuki (Moon Over The Ruined Castle) [Edited] [6]
11. Prima Donna Sri Nuan [Edited] [3]
12. Yoimachigusa (Evening Primrose) [6]
13. Embroidered Wallet [5]
14. Ofe (Bamboo Forest) [Edited] [7]
15. Mountain High, Valley Low [Edited] [1] 
[1] Shangri-La! – Percy Faith And His Orchestra (Columbia)
[2] Paradise Found – The Fantastic Strings of Felix Slatkin (Liberty)
[3] Toragee: The Romantic Music of Asia – Leopoldo Silos (Epic)
[4] In A Hawaiian Paradise – 101 Strings (Somerset)
[5] Chinese Drums And Gongs – Sung Tso-Liang Orchestra of Hong Kong (Lyrichord)
[6] Utsukushiki Nihon No Uta - Bosanoba No Kibun (Beautiful Japanese Melodies - Mood In Bossa Nova) – The Golden Pops Orchestra
[7] The Beat of Tahiti: The Exotic Rhythms of Tahiti – Various Artists (Tiare Tahiti Records)

The core of the loop is an astonishingly obscure recording, Toragee by Leopoldo Silos, a Filipino composer. Toragee highlights music from China, Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Thailand. To this, Jack Wagner added Hawaii and folk recordings from China and Tahiti. Percy Faith's Shangi-La! provided a sweeping start and finish to the record, Cherry Blossom representing Japan and Mountain High, Valley Low for China.

Bu far the most obtuse record on this list is "Beautiful Japanese Melodies - Mood In Bossa Nova", which was released by Columbia only in Japan and features an LP sleeve with nary of fleck of English on it. How a copy of this ended up in Los Angeles in order to be picked up by Jack on a record expedition is unknown, and then how it wound its way through a theme park area loop, into the hands of collectors, then back onto the internet to be discovered by you is even less likely.

Personally, I'd be very interested to know if Jack began with Toragee or if he began with Shangi-La! as the basis for the loop. They're both conceptually very similar albums, being tours of the Asian Pacific cultures in a lush, easy listening style. This dedication to mixing actual Asian melodies with world music recordings is fascinating and shows real commitment to both his concept and the actual theme of the restaurant.

Interestingly, this hour-long loop seems to only be half the story - it represents what played in the interior of the restaurant. The exterior seating areas had an entirely different loop! I was first made aware of this by Mike Cozart, who reported the existence of another hour-long loop associated with the Veranda which featured entirely different music selections with the sound of exotic bird calls mixed over the music. Without much to go on for this lead, I filed that away in the back of my head until last year, when I was combing through live audio recordings from 1983 sent to me by blog reader Dave McCormick. Several times during his trip, Dave and his friend stopped to sit at those verandas facing the Magic Kingdom hub, and faintly behind their conversation could be heard unfamiliar exotic music with bird calls mixed on top!

Thanks to John Charles Watson on TikiCentral.Com forums we now know that the song captured by Dave in 1983 was "I'll Weave A Lei of Stars For You", from the Webley Edwards/Hawaii Calls Orchestra LP "Soft Hawaiian Guitars". Samples from this same record appears in later Wagner loops for Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland.

Although two loops for one restaurant seems extravagant - one inside and a different one outside - it is consistent with my finding about the early Wagner loops, which suggest that the Magic Kingdom originally had more unique loops in more places than was strictly necessary, and that over the years these loops were often retired or combined with others.

Hawaiian Paradise - The Second Music Loop

Interestingly, at some point it seems that the original Adventureland Veranda Interior loop was replaced with another, although the date is uncertain - Mike Lee at Widen Your World remembers this second loop but not the early Asian-style one, which has led me to think of it as the "Kikkoman Loop". Kikkoman soy sauce signed on as sponsors of the eatery in 1977.

Compared to the conceptual and musical unity of the original music loop, this one is much more what you'd expect from BGM in Adventureland: mellow exotica music. It's beautiful, of course, but it's of course both simpler and less throughly unified with Dorothea Redmond's amazing architecture. When the unique original exterior loop vanished is unknown, although thanks to Dave we know it survived at least into 1983.
Adventureland Veranda Area Music [ca. 1977 - 07/1994]

Running time: approx. 32.30

01. Ua Haav Arve Are [1]
02. Blue Hawaii [3]
03. Moonlight Time in Old Hawaii [3]
04. Now is the Hour [4]
05. Harbor Lights [2]
06. Song of the Islands [2]
07. Moon of Manakoora [2]
08. Lovely Hula Girl [2]
09. Hawaiian Paradise [3]
10. Moonlight and Shadows [3]
11. Whispering Sea [5]

[1] Beachcomber Serenade: Mood Music of Tahiti and Hawaii by South Sea Serenaders (Tahiti Records)
[2] Golden Hawaiian Hits by Duke Kamoku & His Islanders (GNP Crescendo)
[3] Moonlight Time in Old Hawaii by George Bruns & the Hawaiian Strings (Vault S-127)
[4] Pearly Shells by Arthur Lyman (GNP Crescendo)
[5] The Versatile Henry Mancini by Henry Mancini & His Orchestra (Liberty 3121)

Notes: Playlist based on a 1992 live recording provided by Mike Lee and compiled by wedroy1923. AprilDecember generously provided a rip of Moonlight Time in Old Hawaii on MouseBits, which greatly aided in compiling this playlist. Thanks also go to Kaiwaza on the Tiki Central discussion boards for identifying track #11.

I won't post a full loop of this version here due to the fact that the vast majority of this music is already commercially available on iTunes. The one album that isn't, George Bruns' amazingly evocative Moonlight Time in Old Hawaii, I have made available here.

A good quality live recording of the entire 1977 loop may be heard at Widen Your World's Adventureland Veranda resource page here.

Both of these loops, and probably the mellow "Exterior" loop that for now remains a mystery, are real corkers, and to me perfectly encapsulate why these early BGM tracks obsess me. The ingenuity of the music selections, the chimes Wagner probably recorded on his porch, the fading, and the sequencing creates room tone which perfectly complements the desired mood. This is where background music, so often just aural wallpaper, edges into the sublime. So head out to the kitchen, whip up a hamburger, top it with Kikkoman teriyaki sauce and a slice of pineapple, then hit play on these exotica tracks and chew slowly - you're in Adventureland now.

Ready for more? Visit the Passport to Dreams Theme Park Music Hub.

Or, hop a monorail to the past and spend a full "day" at the Walt Disney World of the 1970s by downloading Another Musical Souvenir of Walt Disney World.


Chris W. said...

Foxxy, you have no idea how much I love you for post this, both as a lover of WDW history and as a lover of exotica. I'm immediately procuring all of the records you mention from the loop (save for Moonlight Time In Old Hawaii, which thanks you you years ago, I've already got) and I intend to have my own little hukilau. Mahalo plenty!

TheMellowPumpkin said...

Actually Foxxy, "Moonlight Time In Old Hawaii" WAS commercially released as part of the "Walt Disney & The 1964 World's Fair" compilation set.

FoxxFur said...

Just one track, though! And an earlier recording of it, no less. Anyone looking to rebuild the whole loop would need to grab the Bruns LP he recorded with the Hawaiian Strings which is somewhat of an obscurity.

K. Martinez said...

Thanks for posting these wonderful BGM loops. I have many fond memories of dining at the Adventureland Veranda back in the 1970s, so this music transports me back to that time. Of all the big counter service restaurants at the Magic Kingdom, this was my favorite. Thank you.

philphoggs said...

Sometimes a big old thanks is in order!

Unknown said...

Hi Foxxy,

I posted this on Reddit, and someone mentioned that the track at 8 minutes is a Korean folk song called Aryang. I think this is it:

The original thread is here:

- Tracy

Ryan Komitor said...

Hi Foxxy,

Decided to fool around with the Shazam music finding app in the hope of finding out some of the unknown tracks. Sadly it was largely fruitless (although there's always hope that tracks might randomly get added to the database someday), but I did discover that track 2 for the 1971 Veranda loop is called "Paradise Found" from the 1960 album of the same name by The Fantastic Strings Of Felix Slatkin.

Unfortunatly, even though it is available digitally some weird rights issues exist that largely limit these downloads/streams to New Zealand of all places (with some exceptions of course) but thankfully someone posted a needledrop of the track in question several years ago on their blog:

(Note that the blog wrongly lists the date as 1961)

I'm currently trying to find out more about the Korean tracks, and I largely suspect that most of them come from the same album/artist since they seem to match sonically. Ah well, "the quest is the quest".


FoxxFur said...


Awesome! I've added the information to this post - we'll get it someday! haha :)